Supply issues dampen improvement in EU new-car registrations in September

Neil King | 15 Oct 2021

About the author

Neil King

Head of Forecasting at EV Volumes

Neil joined EV Volumes in March 2023 to assume responsibility for their global forecasting activities, leveraging the data and expertise held within EV Volumes and across the wider Autovista Group. He has been with Autovista Group since 2016 and has over 25 years of experience in automotive industry research and analysis, consulting, forecasting, and data journalism.

As COVID-19 severely disrupted the automotive market in the EU last year, Autovista24 senior data journalist Neil King examines the latest new-car registrations data against 2019 figures to offer a meaningful comparison.

September saw new-car registrations in the EU contract by 20.7%, with the volume 188,000 units lower than the same month in 2019, according to European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) figures. A total of 718,598 new cars were registered, marking the lowest number of registrations for a month of September since 1995.

Nevertheless, the tally was a significant improvement on the 34.4% decline in August and the third-best comparative monthly result this year, behind the contractions of less than 20% in March and June. There was an additional working day in most EU member states last month and Autovista24 estimates that, on an adjusted basis, the true contraction was about 24%. However, there was an additional working day in most countries during August too, including France, Italy, and Spain, compared to 2019. Accordingly, Autovista24 surmises that the market declined by about 37%.

Despite the comparative improvement, the ongoing shortage of semiconductors is impacting production and supply, dampening the market recovery. This is disconnecting weakened sales – as COVID-19 persists and derails consumer confidence and rising inflation squeezes household budgets – and new-car registrations. There are even signs that the delivery delays are deterring consumers from ordering cars, further reducing underlying demand.

Most EU markets suffered double-digit declines in September, with the big four countries suffering an average contraction of 23.9%. The exceptions were Cyprus, Estonia, Greece, Ireland, Romania and Slovakia, where registrations volumes increased. Hungary and Poland only endured single-digit declines of 1.4% and 6.3% respectively. Outside of the EU, both Iceland and Norway enjoyed phenomenal growth of over 60% compared to September 2019. However, many countries registered more than 20% fewer cars last month than two years ago, with Bulgaria, Lithuania, and the Netherlands all contracting by more than 30%.

Forecast downgrades despite improvment

In the first three quarters of 2021, the EU new-car market contracted by 24% compared to the same period in 2019. This marks a modest improvement on the fall of 24.4% in the first eight months.

The majority of markets have endured double-digit declines thus far in 2021, except for single-digit contractions in Cyprus (down 9.6%) and Sweden (down 6.2%). Outside of the EU, this was also the case in Iceland, whereas the volume of registrations in Norway so far this year is 16.5% higher than in the same period in 2019.

The fortunes of the EU market will improve once sales orders can be more quickly translated into registrations. However, with the semiconductor shortages expected to persist into 2022 and possibly even 2023, this will continue to dampen any recovery in the coming months. Accordingly, Autovista24 has downgraded its forecasts for France, Spain, and Italy this month, as well as Germany and the UK.

ACEA has previously forecast that the EU new-car market would grow by 10% this year but Autovista24 now envisages growth of about 5%, which would equate to a contraction of roughly 20%, or 2.6 million units, compared to 2019.

Downside risks

A risk of rising COVID-19 rates in the winter months may yet lead to localised restrictions later in the year. Furthermore, high energy costs will further erode disposable incomes and consumer confidence. There are also concerns that solutions to the semiconductor shortage will take longer to materialise and that global supply issues may worsen further, especially approaching Christmas.

The downside risks to the registrations outlook are therefore greater than the upside potential. Autovista24 will continue to monitor and report on key developments and revise market forecasts accordingly.

This content is brought to you by Autovista24

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